Wound Care

A wound is a break in the skin. Wounds are usually caused by cuts or scrapes. Different kinds of wounds may be treated differently from one another, depending upon how they happened and how serious they are.

Healing is a response to the injury that sets into motion a sequence of events. With the exception of bone, all tissues heal with some scarring. The object of proper care is to minimize the possibility of infection and scarring.

Types of Wounds:
  • Pressure Ulcers
    Caused by constant pressure to a part of the body. The constant pressure does not let oxygen go to the site and causes the cells to die.
  • Venous (Stasis) Ulcers
    Poor circulation: Blood not going back your leg. You may have swelling, changes in color, and weeping.
  • Arterial Ulcers
    Poor circulation: Blood does not go all the way down to the toes. You may experience pain while walking, at night or at rest.
  • Loss of Sensation (Neuropathy)
    For example, Diabetes, Stroke and Multiple Sclerosis can cause neuropathy.
  • Surgery
    The surgical wound was not closed and the wound needs to heal from the inside to the skin. Or it can be caused by a surgical site re-opening.
Factors that have an affect on healing:
  • Age
  • Infection
  • Presure
  • Circulation
  • Medications
  • Nutrition
  • Activity
Ways to treat wounds:
  1. Manage wound base – surgical or chemical debridement.
  2. Managing inflammation or infection – antibiotics or anti-inflammation medications.
  3. Managing moisture balance – wound dressings, skin protectors and compression therapy.
  4. Managing patient factors – correcting nutrition imbalance.